Synthesis, in vitro and in vivo characterization of two novel 68Ga-labelled 5-nitroimidazole derivatives as potential agents for imaging hypoxia

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Synthesis, in vitro and in vivo characterization of two novel 68Ga-labelled 5-nitroimidazole derivatives as potential agents for imaging hypoxia

Tema

RADIOFARMACIA
HIPOXIA
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2013

Abstract

Introduction: Hypoxia imaging is an important field in radiopharmaceutical research since hypoxic cells are very resistant to radiation treatment and diffusional limitations restrict the efficacy of chemotherapy. Gallium-68 is a widely used radionuclide for positron emission tomography (PET) due to the availability of the 68Ge/68Ga-generator. With the aim to develop new potential [68Ga]-radiopharmaceuticals for imaging hypoxia, we have synthesized and evaluated two novel 68Ga-labelled 5-nitroimidazole derivatives. Methods: Two 5-nitroimidazole derivatives, 10-[2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1 H-imidazole-1-yl)ethylaminocarbonylmethyl]- 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (Nit1) and 10-{[N-methyl-1-[1-(2-(2-methyl- 5-nitro-1 H-imidazole-1-yl)ethyl)-1 H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl] methylaminocarbonylmethyl}-1,4,7,10- tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (Nit2) were synthesized. Preparation of [68Ga]complexes [68Ga]- Nit1 and [68Ga]-Nit2 was performed at pH 4.5 and 95 °C during 15 minutes and radiochemical purity (RP) was evaluated by reverse phase HPLC. Stability, lipophilicity and plasma protein binding were studied. Biological behaviour in HCT-15 cells both in normoxia and hypoxia has been assessed. Biodistribution in animals bearing induced 3LL Lewis murine lung carcinoma was studied. Comparison with [18F]FMISO is also presented. Results: Nit1 and Nit2 have been successfully synthesized. Labelling in high radiochemical purity was achieved for both ligands. Complexes are stable in labellingmilieu for at least four hours and in human plasma or in the presence of an excess of DTPA for at least two hours. Both compounds showed high uptake in hypoxic cells in vitro and a very favourable biodistribution profile in mice bearing induced tumours. Results are comparable to those obtained for [18F]FMISO. Conclusions: Selective uptake and retention in tumour together with favourable tumour/muscle ratio make these compounds promising candidates for further evaluation as potential hypoxia imaging agents.

Autor

Fernández, Soledad
Cerecetto, Hugo

Fuente

Nuclear Medicine and Biology v. 40, 2013.-- p.273-279

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2013

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2012.11.003
Fecha de agregación
July 26, 2013
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Fernández, Soledad, “Synthesis, in vitro and in vivo characterization of two novel 68Ga-labelled 5-nitroimidazole derivatives as potential agents for imaging hypoxia,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed May 24, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/646.
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