Wheat flour non-starch polysaccharides and their effect on dough rheological properties

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Wheat flour non-starch polysaccharides and their effect on dough rheological properties

Tema

POLISACARIDOS
HARINA DE TRIGO
REOLOGIA
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2011

Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) flour is able to form dough with unique rheological properties that allow bread making. It is well known that wheat protein content affects dough rheological properties, but there is not enough evidence about the role of other minor flour constituents. One such minor constituent is non-starch flour polysaccharides, which are mainly pentosans formed by a xylopyranosyl linear chain branched with arabinofuranosyl residues. Their spatial distribution and branching pattern can affect their relationship with gluten forming proteins and thus influence their functional properties, the dough rheological properties, and thereby the flour baking quality. In this study the content and structural characteristics of non-starch polysaccharides were investigated, as well as their influence on some dough physicochemical parameters. Five different wheat flours samples milled from Uruguayan wheat varieties with diverse rheological and breadmaking properties were used in this study. Water soluble flour polysaccharides were extracted and the amount of pentosans was determined by the orcinol–HCl method. The pentoses composition was determined before and after acidic hydrolysis of the water soluble polysaccharide fractions by GC. No free pentoses were detected in any of the assayed flour samples, so the pentoses composition found in the hydrolyzed samples was attributed to the non-starch water soluble polysaccharides.Water unextractable non-starch polysaccharides were determined by difference between the total and the soluble non-starch polysaccharides flour content.
An improved method for the quantification of water extractable and non-extractable non-starch
polysaccharides, using baker’s yeast, was developed. Using this method, total and soluble non-starch polysaccharides content could reliably be determined both in whole flour and in pentosans enriched fractions. Free monosaccharide content was in the range from 0.03% to 0.06% (w/w), while the arabinose/xylose (Ara/Xyl) ratios varied from 0.8 to 1.4 in soluble non-starch polysaccharides and from 0.7 to 0.9 in total non-starch polysaccharides. The different Ara/Xyl ratios found for water extractable and unextractable arabinoxylans clearly indicates different substitution degrees in the polymers. Analysis of the dough rheological parameters in relation to the water soluble and non-soluble non-starch polysaccharides and the Ara/Xyl ratios from different wheat varieties was performed. A clear relation between some of these parameters could be inferred, since a direct relationship between total unextractable (AXi) content and resistance of dough to extension (P), as well an inverse relationship between the same parameter
and dough extensibility (L) were observed. These results suggest that the flour non-starch polysaccharide content, as well the Ara/Xyl ratios may be used as additional parameters to estimate some of the wheat flours dough properties.

Autor

Garofalo, L.
Vázquez, D.

Fuente

Industrial Crops and Products  v. 34, no. 2, 2011. -- p. 1327-1331

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2011

Derechos

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Artículo

Identificador

doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.12.003
Fecha de agregación
August 28, 2013
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Garofalo, L., “Wheat flour non-starch polysaccharides and their effect on dough rheological properties,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed December 1, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/829.
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