Investigation of H2 Physisorption on Corannulene (C2OH10), Tetraindenocorannulene (C44H18), Pentaindenocorannulene (C5OH2O), C60, and their nitrogen derivatives

Dublin Core

Título

Investigation of H2 Physisorption on Corannulene (C2OH10), Tetraindenocorannulene (C44H18), Pentaindenocorannulene (C5OH2O), C60, and their nitrogen derivatives

Tema

QUIMICA FISICA
NITROGENO-DERIVADOS
2008
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA

Abstract

The hydrogen storage capacities of the recently synthesized tetraindenocoranulene C44H18 and pentaindenocorannulene C50H20 have been investigated and compared with those of corannulene and C60. The results for the physisorption of a single H2 on the concave side indicate that the adsorption energies (Eads) for tetraindenocorannulene and pentaindenocorannulene are very similar, 2.9 and 3.0 kcal/mol, respectively. The later values are slightly larger than that estimated for corannulene, 2.4 kcal/mol, and about half of the encapsulation energy of H2 in C60, 5.4 kcal/mol. The differences in adsorption energies can be explained considering the dipole moments of the molecules. For C50H20 and C44H18 they are very similar, 4.0 and 3.7 Debye. However, it is much smaller in corannulene, 2.0 Debye, which explains the lower Eads observed for the later polyarene. The Eads presents a different behavior on the electron-poor convex side; they are nearly identical for all of the molecules considered. The interaction energies on the convex side, determined for corannulene, tetraindenocorannulene, pentaindenocorannulene, and C60, are 1.2, 1.1, 1.1, and 1.2 kcal/mol, respectively. The hydrogen storage capabilities are discussed in terms of the results obtained for the sandwich complexes between pentaindenocorannulene with benzene or corannulene. As a by product, we estimated the complexation energies for the benzene-pentaindenocorannulene and corannulene-pentaindenocorannulene pairs as 6.0 and 8.3 kcal/mol, respectively. Finally, we replaced some carbon atoms in corannulene and pentaindenocorannulene with nitrogen atoms. The adsorption energies were increased; C16N4H10 has nearly the same adsorption energy as the much larger pentaindenocorannulene. In the case of pentaindenocorannulene, the introduction of six nitrogen atoms (12% of carbon atoms replaced) increases the adsorption energy, about 0.2 kcal/mol. The present results showed that the introduction of a small number of nitrogen atoms can increase the adsorption energy in carbon structures without increasing the weight of the material too much, but the increment seems to be strongly dependent on the position of the nitrogen atoms.

Fuente

Journal of Physical Chemistry v. 112, no. 7, 2008. -- p.2791-2796

Editor

American Chemical Society

Fecha

2008

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PDF

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Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

ISSN 1089-5639

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PDF
Fecha de agregación
June 17, 2014
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Denis, Pablo A., “Investigation of H2 Physisorption on Corannulene (C2OH10), Tetraindenocorannulene (C44H18), Pentaindenocorannulene (C5OH2O), C60, and their nitrogen derivatives,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed May 28, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/1616.
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