Functional and structural responses of methanogenic microbial communities in Uruguayan soils to intermittent drainage

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Título

Functional and structural responses of methanogenic microbial communities in Uruguayan soils to intermittent drainage

Tema

SUELOS
MICROBIOLOGIA
ARROZ
2015
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
URUGUAY

Abstract

Intermittent drainage is one of the most promising approaches to mitigate methane (CH 4 ) emission from paddy fi elds. Irrigated rice fi elds in Uruguay are temporarily established on soils used as cattle pastures. We studied soil from the pasture-rice rotation (UR) as well as soil from a permanent cattle pasture (UT) hypothesizing that activity and structure of the bacterial and archaeal communities involved in pro- duction of CH 4 change systematically with intermittent drainage. Methane production started after 7 days and 16 days of anoxic incubation in UR and UT soil, respectively. Then, production rates of CH 4 were higher in UT than UR soil. Intermittent drainage signi fi cantly decreased the rates of CH 4 production. Analysis of d 13 C indicated that CH 4 was mainly produced from acetate both in UR (73 e 98%) and UT (51 e 80%) soil. Intermittent drainage did not change the pathway of CH 4 production. Quantitative PCR showed that methanogenic archaeal gene copy numbers (16S rRNA, mcrA ) were much lower in UT than UR soil, but increased upon incubation under anoxic conditions. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) and pyrosequencing of bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA genes showed that the communities were clearly different between UR and UT soil. The bacterial community consisted of 9 phyla with relative abundance of > 1% in both soils. Whereas the archaeal community in UR soil was dominated by Methanocellales and Methanosarcinaceae , that in UT soil was dominated by Crenarchaeota . Anoxic incubation affected the composition of the bacterial and archaeal communities in UT soil, but not so much in UR soil. In UT soil, the relative abundance of Clostridiales increased to 19%, and the archaeal community changed to dominance by Methanosarcinaceae and Methanobacteriales . Subsequent drainage and re- fl ooding, however, had comparatively little effect on the composition, although it decreased the rates of CH 4 production in both soils. Difference in previous soil management and in the structures of the microbial communities apparently only affected their dynamics and functioning after the fi rst fl ooding but not upon subsequent drainage and re- fl oodin

Autor

Ji, Yang
Klose, Melanie
Claus, Peter
Conrad, Ralf

Fuente

Soil Biology and Biochemistry v. 89, 2015. -- p. 238-247

Editor

Elsevier

Derechos

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PDF

Idioma

Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.07.015

Cobertura

Uruguay
Fecha de agregación
March 9, 2016
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
Etiquetas
, ,
Citación
Ji, Yang, “Functional and structural responses of methanogenic microbial communities in Uruguayan soils to intermittent drainage,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed February 20, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/3737.
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