Nutritional status and diet as predictors of children's lead concentrations inblood and urine

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Título

Nutritional status and diet as predictors of children's lead concentrations inblood and urine

Tema

PLOMO EN SANGRE
DIETAS
NIÑOS
PLOMO URINARIO
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2018

Abstract

Lead exposure remains an important public health problem. Contaminated foods may act as a source of lead exposure, while certain nutrients may reduce lead absorption. We examined the cross-sectional associations of dietary patterns and the intake of several nutrients and foods with blood (Pb-B) and urinary (Pb-U) lead concentrations in children (5–8 y) from Montevideo, Uruguay. From two 24-hour recalls completed by caregivers, we derived the mean daily intake of select nutrients and food groups (dairy, milk, fruit, root vegetables, foods rich in heme and non-heme iron), as well as “nutrient dense” and “processed” food patterns. Pb-B (n = 315) was measured using atomic absorption spectrometry; Pb-U (n = 321) using ICP-MS. Pb-U was adjusted for specific gravity and log-transformed to approximate a normal distribution. Iron deficiency (ID) and dietary variables were tested as predictors of Pb-B and log-Pb-U in covariate-adjusted regressions. Median [5%, 95%] Pb-B and Pb-U were 3.8 [0.8–7.8] μg/dL and 1.9 [0.6–5.1] μg/L, respectively; ~ 25% of Pb-B above current U.S. CDC reference concentration of 5 μg/dL. ID was associated with 0.75 μg/dL higher Pb-B, compared to non-ID (p < 0.05). Consumption of root vegetables was not associated with Pb-B or log-Pb-U. Higher scores on the nutrient-dense pattern were related with higher Pb-Bs, possibly due to consumption of green leafy vegetables. Dietary intake of iron or iron-rich foods was not associated with biomarkers of lead. Conversely, children consuming more calcium, dairy, milk and yogurt had lower Pb-B and log-Pb-U. Our findings appear consistent with existing recommendations on including calcium-rich, but not iron- or vitamin-C-rich foods in the diets of lead-exposed children, especially where the consumption of these foods is low.

Autor

Kordas, Katarzyna
Burganowski, Rachael
Roy, Aditi
Peregalli, Fabiana
Baccino, Valentina
Barcia, Elizabeth
Mangieri, Soledad
Ocampo, Virginia
Martínez, Gabriela.
Vahter, Marie
Queirolo, Elena I

Fuente

Environment International v. 111, 2018. -- p. 43-51

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2018

Derechos

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PDF

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Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.013

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Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
May 7, 2019
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Kordas, Katarzyna, “Nutritional status and diet as predictors of children's lead concentrations inblood and urine,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed July 23, 2019, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/5753.
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