New preparation protocols for coumarin-thiosemicarbazone hybrids: solid state characterization, and in silico /NMR studies of the Z/E isomerization equilibria in solution

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Título

New preparation protocols for coumarin-thiosemicarbazone hybrids: solid state characterization, and in silico /NMR studies of the Z/E isomerization equilibria in solution

Tema

CALCULOS DFT
CRISTALOGRAFIA
MICROONDAS
REACTORES
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2022

Abstract

a b s t r a c t In this work, two improved experimental protocols for the preparation of eight coumarin- thiosemicarbazone hybrids are described. The novel methodologies, based on the use of a microwave- assisted protocol (MW) or a sealed vessel conventionally heated reactor (SVR) are faster, more efficient and render higher yields (average increase in yield = 11% and 16%, respectively). For the solid state char- acterization, infrared spectra of the obtained compounds were analyzed with the aid of computational tools for signal assignation. In addition, a new crystal structure for the E isomer of compound 2d was obtained and a thorough analysis of the intra and intermolecular interactions was performed by Hir- shfeld surface analysis. On the other hand, the hybrids were characterized in DMSO-d 6 solution by 1 H and 13 C NMR experiments. All of them showed a set of minor signals neither ascribable to the products nor described in the literature. Variable temperature 1 H NMR experiments revealed that a single inter- conversion equilibrium was operative in the solution, having thermodynamic parameters compatible to those predicted for a Z/E isomerization process by a DFT model. The most stable configuration ( E ) was further confirmed by DFT, calculating the 13 C NMR chemical shifts for both configurations. The compu- tational model shows that the E configuration is stabilized through the formation of a non-conventional C-H ···O = C intramolecular H-bond between the methyl and carbonyl groups, adopting a conformation less sterically strained. These findings allow to gain insights into the E / Z isomerization equilibria displayed by thiosemicarbazones in solution, a phenomenon usually under described in literature, which seems to be promoted by a balance between weak intramolecular interactions that modulate the relative isomeric stability in solution.

Fuente

Journal of Molecular Structure v. 1251, 2022. -- e131980

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2022

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PDF

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Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

10.1016/j.molstruc.2021.131980

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Fecha de agregación
May 11, 2022
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
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Document
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Citación
Rostán, Santiago, “New preparation protocols for coumarin-thiosemicarbazone hybrids: solid state characterization, and in silico /NMR studies of the Z/E isomerization equilibria in solution,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed November 27, 2022, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6491.
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