A first-principles study on the interaction between alkyl radicals and graphene

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A first-principles study on the interaction between alkyl radicals and graphene

Tema

ABSORCION
NANOTECNOLOGIA
RADICALES
GRAFENO
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2012

Abstract

The interaction between alkyl radicals and graphene was studied by means of dispersion-corrected density functional theory. The results indicate that isolated alkyl radicals are not likely to be attached onto perfect graphene. It was found that the covalent binding energies are low, and because of the large entropic contribution, DGA 298 is positive for methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, and tert-butyl radicals. Although the alkylation may proceed by moderate heating, the desorption barriers are low. For the removal of the methyl and tert-butyl radicals covalently bonded to graphene, 15.3 and 2.4 kcalmol1 are needed, respectively. When alkyl radicals are agglomerated, the binding energies are increased. For the addition in the ortho position and on opposite sides of the sheet, the graphene– CH3 binding energy is increased by 20 kcalmol1, whereas for the para addition on the same side of the sheet, the increment is 9.4 kcalmol1. In both cases, the agglomeration turns the DGA 298<0. For the ethyl radical, the ortho addition on opposite sides of the sheet has a negative DGA 298, whereas for isopropyl and tert-butyl radicals the reactions are endergonic. The attachment of the four alkyl radicals under consideration onto the zigzag edges is exergonic. The noncovalent adsorption energies computed for ethyl, isopropyl, and tert-butyl radicals are significantly larger than the graphene–alkyl-radical covalent binding energies. Thus, physisorption is favored over chemisorption. As for the DGA 298 for the adsorption of isolated alkyl radicals, only the tertbutyl radical is likely to be exergonic. For the phenalenyl radical we were not able to locate a local minimum for the chemisorbed structure since it moves to the physisorbed structure. An important conclusion of this work is that the consideration of entropic effects is essential to investigate the interaction between graphene and free radicals

Fuente

Chemistry - A European Journal v. 18, no. 24, 2012. -- p. 7568-7574

Editor

ChemPubSoc

Fecha

2012

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Identificador

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201103711
Fecha de agregación
May 14, 2013
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Denis, Pablo A., “A first-principles study on the interaction between alkyl radicals and graphene,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed August 20, 2019, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/442.
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