Influence of sociodemographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay

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Título

Influence of sociodemographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay

Tema

ALIMENTOS
URUGUAY
INSEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA
CARACTERISTICAS SOCIODEMOGRAFICAS
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2017

Abstract

To determine the factor structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) and to study the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions in Montevideo, Uruguay. Cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of urban households. Household food insecurity was measured using the ELCSA. The percentage of respondents who gave affirmative responses for each of the items of the ELCSA was determined. Exploratory factor analysis was carried out to determine the ELCSA’s factor structure. A probit model was used to determine the impact of some individual and household sociodemographic characteristics on the identified dimensions of food insecurity. Metropolitan area centred on Montevideo, the capital city of Uruguay, April–September 2014. Adults aged between 18 and 93 years (n 742). The percentage of affirmative responses to the items of the ELCSA ranged from 4·4 to 31·7 %. Two factors were identified in the exploratory factor analysis performed on data from households without children under 18 years old, whereas three factors were identified for households with children. The identified factors were associated with different severity levels of food insecurity. Likelihood of experiencing different levels of food insecurity was affected by individual characteristics of the respondent as well as characteristics of the household. The influence of sociodemographic variables varied among the ELCSA dimensions. Household income had the largest influence on all dimensions, which indicates a strong relationship between income and food insecurity.

Autor

Rossi, Máximo
Ferre, Zuleika
Curutchet, María Rosa

Fuente

Public Health Nutrition  v. 20, no. 4, 2017. -- p. 620-629

Editor

Cambridge

Fecha

2017

Derechos

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PDF

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Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI: 10.1017/S1368980016002548

Cobertura

Uruguay

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
March 22, 2018
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Rossi, Máximo, “Influence of sociodemographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed April 20, 2019, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/4896.
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