Quality perceptions regarding external appearance of apples : Insights from experts and consumers in four countries

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Título

Quality perceptions regarding external appearance of apples : Insights from experts and consumers in four countries

Tema

FRUTAS
COMPORTAMIENTO DEL CONSUMIDOR
CALIDAD DE LA FRUTA
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL
2018

Abstract

Apples, one of the most popular fruit worldwide, are globally traded and consumers benefit from hyper-competition in the industry. To remain profitable, producers must offer very high quality fruit at competitive prices. This research sought to better understand consumers’ quality perceptions. We focused on external appearance, a readily available quality cue. Insights were gained from a categorization task where participants sorted images of apples based on perceived quality. A comparison between experts’ (n = 37) and consumers’ (n = 297) quality perceptions based on external appearance revealed high similarity. Both groups considered fruit with minor defects as inferior to fruit with no external defects. The consumers, who represented four different countries (72–76 per country; loosely regarded as a proxy for the global population of apple consumers), perceived the quality of the apples very similarly. Three quality groupings were established, representing apples with high quality, minor defects and major defects, respectively. The last-mentioned grouping consisted of any apple that showed signs of rot or mold, or where there the skin had been cut. Blemishes and odd shapes were generally regarded as minor defects. Both types of defects were associated with negative hedonic expectations, which increased with the severity of the external defect. The implications for consumers’ purchase-related cognitions were clear and associated with rejecting consumption. This has associated implications for efforts to reduce food waste.

Autor

Jaeger, Sara R.
Antúnez, Lucía.
Ares, Gastón.
Swaney-Stueve, Marianne
Jin, David
Harker, F. Roger

Fuente

Postharvest Biology and Technology v. 146, 2018. -- p. 99-107

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2018

Derechos

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PDF

Idioma

Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2018.08.014

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
October 19, 2018
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
Citación
Jaeger, Sara R., “Quality perceptions regarding external appearance of apples : Insights from experts and consumers in four countries,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed December 1, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/5239.
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