Process conditions for a rapid in situ transesterification for biodiesel production from oleaginous yeasts

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Título

Process conditions for a rapid in situ transesterification for biodiesel production from oleaginous yeasts

Tema

BIODIESEL
LEVADURAS
OLEAGINOSOS
ENERGIA RENOVABLE
ENERGIA SUSTENTABLE
MICROORGANISMOS OLEAGINOSOS
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2019

Abstract

Background Microbial oils produced by diverse microorganisms are being considered as alternative sources of triglycerides for biodiesel production. However, the standalone production of biodiesel from microorganisms is not currently economically feasible. In case of yeasts, the use of low-value nutrient sources in microbial production and the implementation of cost-efficient downstream processes could reduce costs and make microbial lipids competitive with other commodity-type oils in biodiesel production. Industrial biodiesel synthesis from oleaginous seeds is currently based on a multistep process. However, a simple process called in situ transesterification (ISTE), which takes place within the biomass without a previous lipid extraction step, is receiving increasing interest. In this work, the optimal conditions for an ISTE process to obtain biodiesel from previously selected oleaginous yeast (Rhodotorula graminis S1/S2) were defined using the response surface methodology (RSM). Results Using the RSM approach, the optimal conditions for the maximum yield with minimum reaction time included a methanol-to-biomass ratio of 60:1, 0.4 M H2SO4, and incubation at 70°C for 3 h. The optimized in situ process yield was significantly higher (123%) than that obtained with a two-step method in which fatty acids from saponifiable lipids were first extracted and then esterified with methanol. The composition of the fatty acid methyl ester mixture obtained from R. graminis S1/S2 by ISTE met Uruguayan standards for biodiesel. Conclusion The characteristics achieved by the optimized method make microbial oil a potential alternative for biodiesel production from yeast at an industrial scale. How to cite: Martinez-Silveira A, Villarreal R, Garmendia G, et al. Process conditions for a rapid in situ transesterification for biodiesel production from oleaginous yeasts. Electron J Biotechnol 2018;37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2018.11.006

Autor

Martínez Silveira, Adalgisa
Villareal, Romina
Garmendia, Gabriela.
Rufo, Caterina

Fuente

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology v. 38, 2019. -- p. 1-9

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2019

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PDF

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Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejbt.2018.11.006

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PDF
Fecha de agregación
November 7, 2019
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Martínez Silveira, Adalgisa, “Process conditions for a rapid in situ transesterification for biodiesel production from oleaginous yeasts,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed November 19, 2019, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/5881.
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