Vitamin B-6 Intake Is Modestly Associated with Arsenic Methylation in Uruguayan Children with Low-Level Arsenic Exposure

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Título

Vitamin B-6 Intake Is Modestly Associated with Arsenic Methylation in Uruguayan Children with Low-Level Arsenic Exposure

Tema

TOXICOLOGIA
VITAMINAS-B6
ARSENICO
NIÑOS
URUGUAY
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2020

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Detoxification of inorganic arsenic (iAs) occurs when it methylates to form monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA). Lower proportions of urinary iAs and MMA, and higher proportions of DMA indicate efficient methylation. The role of B-vitamins in iAs methylation in children with low-level arsenic exposure is understudied.
Objectives: Our study objectivewas to assess the association between B-vitamin intake and iAsmethylation in children with low-level arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L in water; urinary arsenic 5–50 μg/L).
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 290 ∼7-y-old children in Montevideo. Intake of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12 was calculated by averaging 2 nonconsecutive 24-h recalls. Total urinary arsenic
concentration was measured as the sum of urinary iAs, MMA, and DMA, and adjusted for urinary specific gravity; iAs methylation was measured as urinary percentage As, percentage MMA, and percentage DMA. Arsenic concentrations
from household water sources were assessed. Linear regressions tested the relationships between individual energyadjusted B-vitamins and iAs methylation.
Results: Median (range) arsenic concentrations in urine and water were 9.9 (2.2–48.7) and 0.45 (0.1–18.9) μg/L, respectively. The median (range) of urinary percentage iAs, percentage MMA, and percentage DMA was 10.6% (0.0–
33.8), 9.7% (2.6–24.8), and 79.1% (58.5–95.4), respectively. The median (range) intake levels of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B-6 were 0.81 (0.19–2.56), 1.0 (0.30–2.24), 8.6 (3.5–23.3), and 0.67 (0.25–1.73) mg/1000 kcal, respectively,
whereas those of folate and vitamin B-12 were 216 (75–466) and 1.7 (0.34–8.3) μg/1000 kcal, respectively. Vitamin B-6 intake was inversely associated with urinary percentage MMA (β =−1.60; 95% CI: −3.07, −0.15). No other statistically
significant associations were observed.
Conclusions: Although vitamin B-6 intake was inversely associated with urinary percentage MMA, our findings suggest limited support for a relation between B-vitamin intake and iAs methylation in children exposed to low-level arsenic.

Autor

Desai, Gauri

Vahther, Marie

Queirolo, Elena I.

Peregalli, Fabiana

Mañay, Nelly

Millen, Amy E.

Yu, Jihnhee

Browne, Richard W.

Kordas, Katarzyna

Fuente

Journal of Nutrition v. 150, no. 5, 2020. -- p. 1223-1229

Editor

American Society for Nutrition

Fecha

2020

Derechos

Información sobre Derechos de Autor (Por favor lea este aviso antes de abrir los documentos u objetos) La legislación uruguaya protege el derecho de autor sobre toda creación literaria, científica o artística, tanto en lo que tiene que ver con sus derechos morales, como en lo referente a los derechos patrimoniales con sujeción a lo establecido por el derecho común y las siguientes leyes (LEY 9.739 DE 17 DE DICIEMBRE DE 1937 SOBRE PROPIEDAD LITERARIA Y ARTISTICA CON LAS MODIFICACIONES INTRODUCIDAS POR LA LEY DE DERECHO DE AUTOR Y DERECHOS CONEXOS No. 17.616 DE 10 DE ENERO DE 2003, LEY 17.805 DE 26 DE AGOSTO DE 2004, LEY 18.046 DE 24 DE OCTUBRE DE 2006 LEY 18.046 DE 24 DE OCTUBRE DE 2006) ADVERTENCIA - La consulta de este documento queda condicionada a la aceptación de las siguientes condiciones de uso: Este documento es únicamente para usos privados enmarcados en actividades de investigación y docencia. No se autoriza su reproducción con fines de lucro. Esta reserva de derechos afecta tanto los datos del documento como a sus contenidos. En la utilización o cita de partes debe indicarse el nombre de la persona autora.

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Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz331

Cobertura

Uruguay

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Pdf
Fecha de agregación
September 17, 2020
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
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Document
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Citación
Desai, Gauri, “Vitamin B-6 Intake Is Modestly Associated with Arsenic Methylation in Uruguayan Children with Low-Level Arsenic Exposure,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed October 21, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6130.
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