An Integrative Approach for the Characterization of Plant-Pathogenic Streptomyces spp. Strains Based on Metabolomic, Bioactivity, and Phylogenetic Analysis

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An Integrative Approach for the Characterization of Plant-Pathogenic Streptomyces spp. Strains Based on Metabolomic, Bioactivity, and Phylogenetic Analysis

Tema

BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
METABOLOMICA
FILOGENETICA
FITOTOXINAS
ESTREPTOMICAS

Abstract

Actinomycetes are generally recognized as a diverse group of gram-positive, myceliumforming, soil bacteria that play an important role in mineralization processes and plant health, being Streptomyces the most well-known genus from this group. Although plant pathogenicity is a rare attribute in this genus, some species have significant impact worldwide due to their ability to cause important crop diseases such as potato common scab (CS). In this work, an integrative approach was applied to investigate the pathogenic potential of Streptomyces spp. isolates obtained from a local collection of actinomycetes isolated from potato fields. Secretion of phytotoxic compounds was verified in most pathogenic strains from our collection (27 out of 29), and we followed metabolomic analysis to investigate those phytotoxins. We first evaluated the
production of the known phytotoxins thaxtomin A (TXT) and desmethylmensacarcin (DMSN) in phytotoxic Streptomyces spp. by HPLC analysis, resulting in 17 TXT and 6 DMSN producers. In addition, NMR-based metabolomic models were able to classify strains according to their phytotoxicity, and metabolomic data was also used to infer chemotaxonomy within pathogenic species. A correlation between phylogeny and the production of distinct phytotoxins was found, supporting the idea that there are “species
specific” metabolites produced by this genus. The recently discovered polyketide DMSN was associated unequivocally with S. niveiscabiei strains and was not produced by other species in the growth conditions employed. Two S. niveiscabiei and two S. puniciscabiei
phytotoxic strains that did not produce TXT nor DMSN suggest the production of other kind of metabolites involved in phytotoxicity, and allowed the prioritization of these strains for further chemical studies. Indeed, we found two S. niveiscabiei strains whose supernatants were not phytotoxic in the radish assay, suggesting other pathogenic mechanisms involved. We believe our work will be useful to help understand relations between metabolites and phylogenetic clades within actinomycetes.

Autor

Croce, Valentina
López Radcenco, Andrés
Lapaz, María Inés

Pianzzola, María Julia
Moyna, Guillermo
Siri, María Inés

Fuente

Frontiers in Microbiology, vol.1, 2021.-- p. 1-11.--e643792

 

Editor

Frontiers

Fecha

2021

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Artículo

Identificador

DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.643792

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PDF
Fecha de agregación
June 8, 2021
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
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Document
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Citación
Croce, Valentina, “An Integrative Approach for the Characterization of Plant-Pathogenic Streptomyces spp. Strains Based on Metabolomic, Bioactivity, and Phylogenetic Analysis,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed November 29, 2023, https://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6256.
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