Age, time orientation and risk perception are major determinants of discretionary salt usage

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Título

Age, time orientation and risk perception are major determinants of discretionary salt usage

Tema

SODIO
SAL
ALIMENTACION
ARBOLES DE REGRESION POTENCIADOS
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2022

Abstract

The present work explored the relationship between discretionary salt usage and personal characteristics, using
boosted regression trees (BRT). Specifically, the focus was on how socio-demographic characteristics and personality traits linked to risk perception and time orientation impact on discretionary salt consumption patterns. For this purpose, an online cross-sectional survey with a convenience sample of 498 Uruguayan participants was carried out. Participants completed the consideration of future consequences (CFC) scale adapted for eating behaviour, a short survey about discretionary salt consumption patterns and indicated their degree of agreement
with statements measuring perceived risk of sodium consumption. Finally, socio-demographic data were
collected. BRT were applied to build predictive models that related discretionary salt usage to socio-demographic
characteristics, the two factors of the CFC-Food scale (consideration of the future and consideration of the immediate
consequences of eating behaviour), and the two factors of the perceived risk of sodium consumption scale (severity of perceived risks and risk compensation). Age, time orientation and perceived risk were the most relevant explanatory variables for discretionary salt usage. Older people had a lower likelihood of adding salt to food, either at home or when eating out. In addition, individuals who tend to be present rather than future
oriented, as well as those with low perception of risk severity and susceptibility were more likely to add salt to foods. Results from the present work suggest that communication campaigns to reduce discretionary salt intake should mainly focus on stressing the short-term health benefits of reducing sodium intake and raising perceived susceptibility.

Fuente

Appetite v. 171, 2022. -- e105924

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2022

Derechos

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Formato

PDF

Idioma

Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

10.1016/j.appet.2022.105924

Cobertura

Uruguay

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
March 29, 2022
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
Etiquetas
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Citación
Antúnez, Lucía, “Age, time orientation and risk perception are major determinants of discretionary salt usage,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed July 14, 2024, https://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6473.
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