Study of tissue transglutaminase spliced variants expressed in THP-1 derived macrophages exhibiting distinct functional phenotypes

Dublin Core

Título

Study of tissue transglutaminase spliced variants expressed in THP-1 derived macrophages exhibiting distinct functional phenotypes

Tema

TRANSGLUTAMINASA
CELULAS
MACROFAGOS
INMUNOLOGIA
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2023

Abstract

Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) expressed in monocytes and macrophage is known to participate in processes during either early and resolution stages of inflammation. The alternative splicing of tissue transglutaminase gene is a mechanism that increases its functional diversity. Four spliced variants are known with truncated C terminal domains (TGM2_v2, TGM2_v3, TGM2_v4a, TGM2_v4b) but scarce information is available about its expression in human monocyte and macrophages. We studied the expression of canonical TG2 (TGM2_v1) and its short spliced variants by RT-PCR during dif ferentiation of TPH-1 derived macrophages (dTHP-1) using two protocols (condition I and II) that differ in Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate dose and time schedule. The production of TNF-α and IL-1β in supernatant of dTHP-1, measured by ELISA in supernatants showed higher proinflammatory milieu in condition I. We found that the expression of all mRNA TG2 spliced variants were up-regulated during macrophage dif ferentiation and after IFN-γ treatment of dTHP-1 cells in both conditions. Nevertheless, the relative fold increase or TGM2_v3 in relation with TGM2_v1 was higher only with the condition I. M1/M2-like THP-1 macrophages obtained with IFN-γ/IL-4 treatments showed that the up-regulation of TGM2_v1 induced by IL-4 was higher in relation with any short spliced variants. The qualitative profile of relative contribution of spliced variants in M1/M2-like THP-1 cells showed a trend to higher expression of TGM2_v3 in the inflammatory functional phenotype. Our results contribute to the knowledge about TG2 spliced variants in the biology of monocyte/macrophage cells and show how the differentiation conditions can alter their expression and cell function.

Autor

Calvo, Federico
Macías, Victoria
Hernández, Ana

Fuente

Immunobiology, v. 228, n° 6, 2023. -- e152752

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2023

Derechos

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Formato

PDF

Extent

8 p.

Idioma

Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

10.1016/j.imbio.2023.152752

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
November 8, 2023
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
Etiquetas
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Citación
Arbildi, Paula, “Study of tissue transglutaminase spliced variants expressed in THP-1 derived macrophages exhibiting distinct functional phenotypes,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed July 17, 2024, https://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6736.
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