High-pressure homogenization and high hydrostatic pressure processing of human milk: Preservation of immunological components for human milk banks

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Título

High-pressure homogenization and high hydrostatic pressure processing of human milk: Preservation of immunological components for human milk banks

Tema

LECHE HUMANA
HOMOGENEIZACION
BANCOS DE LECHE
PRESERVACION INMUNOLOGICA
BIBLIOGRAFIA NACIONAL QUIMICA
2020

Abstract

Human milk (HM) constitutes the first immunological barrier and the main source of nutrients and bioactive components for newborns. Immune factors comprise up to 10% of the protein content in HM, where antibodies are the major components (mainly IgA, IgG, and IgM). In addition, antibacterial enzymes such as lysozyme and immunoregulatory factors such as soluble cluster of differentiation 14 (sCD14) and transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2) are also present and play important roles in the protection of the infant's health. Donor milk processed in HM banks by Holder pasteurization (HoP; 62.5°C, 30 min) is a safe and valuable resource for preterm newborns that are hospitalized, but is reduced in major immunological components due to thermal inactivation. We hypothesized that high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and high-pressure homogenization (HPH) are 2 processes that can be used on HM to reduce total bacteria counts while retaining immunological components. We studied the effects of HHP (400, 450, and 500 MPa for 5 min applied at 20°C) and HPH (200, 250, and 300 MPa, milk inlet temperature of 20°C) applied to mature HM, on microbiological and immunological markers (IgA, IgG, IgM, sCD14, and TGF-β2), and compared them with those of traditional HoP in HM samples from healthy donors. The HHP processing between 400 and 500 MPa at 20°C reduced counts of coliform and total aerobic bacteria to undetectable levels (<1.0 log cfu/mL) while achieving approximately 100% of immunological component retention. In particular, comparing median percentages of retention of immunological components for 450 MPa versus HoP, we found 101.5 versus 50.5% for IgA, 89.5 versus 26.0% for IgM, 104.5 versus 75.5% for IgG, 125.0 versus 72.5% for lysozyme, 50.6 versus 0.1% for sCD14, and 88.5 versus 61.1% for TGF-β2, respectively. Regarding HPH processing, at a pressure of 250 MPa and inlet temperature of 20°C, the process showed good potential to reduce coliforms to undetectable levels and total aerobic bacteria to levels slightly above those obtained by HoP. The median percentages of retention of immunological markers for HPH versus HoP were 71.5 versus 52.0%, 71.0 versus 27.0%, 104.0 versus 66.5%, and 30.9 versus 0.2%, for IgA, IgM, IgG, and sCD14, respectively; results did not significantly differ for lysozyme and TGF-β2. The HPH at 300 MPa produced higher inactivation of immunological components, similar to values achieved with HoP.

Autor

Irazusta, A.
Rodríguez Camejo, C.
Jorcin, S.
Puyol, A.
Fazio, L.
Arias, F.
Castro, M.
Hernández, A.
López Pedemonte, T.

Fuente

Journal of Dairy Science v. 103, 2020. -- p. 5978–5991

Editor

Elsevier

Fecha

2020

Derechos

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PDF

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Inglés

Tipo

Artículo

Identificador

DOI: 10.3168/jds.2019-17569

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Original Format

PDF
Fecha de agregación
July 1, 2020
Colección
Bibliografía Nacional Química
Tipo de Elemento
Document
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Citación
Irazusta, A., “High-pressure homogenization and high hydrostatic pressure processing of human milk: Preservation of immunological components for human milk banks,” RIQUIM - Repositorio Institucional de la Facultad de Química - UdelaR, accessed August 12, 2020, http://riquim.fq.edu.uy/items/show/6102.
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